How can Blockchain be used in accounting? Benefits, challenges and impact on finance jobs

by Eduyush Team

How can Blockchain be used in accounting?

(For readers new to blockchain, please read the FAQ's at the bottom of the blog to get a context)

Understanding blockchain is not just a fad or passing craze; it's essential to understanding how the world works. Blockchain technology has been around since 2008 when Satoshi Nakamoto published his white paper on The Cryptography Mailing list describing what would become bitcoin.

Blockchain technology is still in its early stages but has already shown immense potential for accounting and other financial applications. Blockchain provides a secure and decentralized way of handling transactions and data so users can use blockchain to track and verify financial transactions and securely store important data.

Can you define Blockchain technology in one sentence?

Blockchain technology is a distributed, tamper-proof database that enables secure, peer-to-peer transactions.

Blockchain has several benefits over traditional accounting methods:

  1. It is much more secure. Blockchain transactions are verified and recorded on a public ledger, making it difficult for anyone to tamper with the data.
  2. Blockchain is much faster than traditional accounting methods. Transactions can be processed and verified almost instantly, saving businesses time and money.
  3. Blockchain is more transparent than traditional methods.
  4. All transactions are publicly recorded on the Blockchain, making it easy for anyone to track and verify them.

What are the primary challenges in using blockchain in accounting

There are also some challenges that Blockchain poses for accountants and bookkeepers:

  1. It can be challenging to understand how Blockchain works.
  2. Because Blockchain is still in its early stages, there are not yet many established standards for how to use it. This can make it difficult for accountants and bookkeepers to know how to correctly record and track blockchain transactions.
  3. Because Blockchain is decentralized, it can be challenging to keep track of all the different transactions that are taking place on the network.

Despite these challenges, Blockchain is a promising new technology with the potential to revolutionize accounting and other financial applications. With its secure and transparent nature, 

What are the current use cases of blockchain in accounting

Blockchain has the potential to streamline many accounting and bookkeeping processes. Today it's being used in the following areas

1) Smart contracts are automating invoicing, payments, and other transactions. This would reduce the need for manual input and help prevent errors.

2) Blockchain is also being used to track ownership of assets, such as inventory or land. This would make it easier to manage these assets and help prevent fraud.

3) Blockchain tracks transactions in real-time, eliminating the need for manual reconciliation of records. This would save not only time but also reduce the chances of errors.

4) Blockchain creates a permanent, tamper-proof audit trail of all transactions. This would make it much easier and faster to conduct audits, as well as reduce the costs associated with them. 

5) Blockchain help to reduce the risk of fraud, as all transactions are recorded on a secure and immutable ledger.

6) Blockchain-based solutions can offer greater transparency and visibility into financial data, which is crucial for businesses and regulators.

The practical use cases of blockchain technology in finance being used now can be divided into three categories: clearing and settlement, payments, and asset management.

  • Clearing and settlement includes functions such as trade processing, mutual fund redemption, and securities borrowing and lending.
  • In the payments space, blockchain is being used for cross-border payments, retail payments, supply chain finance, and remittances, and
  • In the asset management space, blockchain is being used for decentralized exchanges, custody services, and private equity funds

Overall, Blockchain has the potential to significantly improve the efficiency and accuracy of accounting and auditing. This would benefit businesses and the accountants and auditors who work with them. 

How can blockchain be used to support sustainable business practices?

Blockchain technology can be used to support sustainable business practices in several ways.
  • Blockchain helps businesses reduce their reliance on paper records and manual processes. For instance, blockchain-based systems track the provenance of ingredients or products, allowing companies to make more informed sourcing decisions.
  • Blockchains create transparent supply chains that enable businesses and consumers to track the journey of a product from farm to table. This type of transparency helps companies identify areas where they can improve their sustainability practices. ,
  • Blockchain-based contracts and tracing solutions help companies to enforce sustainable business practices by linking them directly with tangible outcomes
  • Blockchain technology create "carbon credits" that businesses can purchase to offset their emissions. By investing in carbon credits, businesses can support sustainable projects that help reduce greenhouse gas emissions

What challenges does Blockchain pose for accountants and bookkeepers

Blockchain also poses some challenges for accountants and bookkeepers. For example, the decentralized nature of Blockchain means that there is no single point of control. This could make it difficult to manage or audit transactions. Additionally, blockchain technology is still relatively new and constantly evolving. This means there may be a lack of standardization, making it difficult to compare data across different platforms.

Will Blockchain kill accounting?

As the world moves more and more towards digital solutions, it's no surprise that blockchain technology is starting to make inroads into the accounting and finance industries. 

Blockchain provides a secure, decentralized ledger for transactions, and a transparent way of conducting transactions, and this is particularly appealing to businesses and organizations. This has significant implications for the accounting and finance industries, which rely on accurate and up-to-date records.

As blockchain technology continues to evolve, we'll likely see more and more businesses and organizations adopting it for their accounting and finance needs. In the future, Blockchain may become the standard way to conduct transactions in these industries.

Will Blockchain take away finance jobs?

It's a question on many people's minds in recent years.

Undoubtedly, blockchain will have a major impact on the finance industry. One study estimates that automation can take away as many as 33% of finance jobs to automation over the next decade. The good news is that not all finance jobs will be taken away by blockchain – far from it. Many finance professionals will find their skills in higher demand than ever before.

So which finance jobs will blockchain take away?

Generally speaking, any job that involves repetitive, menial tasks is at risk of being automated by blockchain technology. Job redundancy includes roles like data entry, bookkeeping, and reconciliations, processing and verifying transactions.

Finance people who want to stay relevant need to find new ways to add value. One way to do this is by developing expertise in data analysis and machine learning, which can help identify trends and inform investment decisions. Alternatively, finance people can focus on providing advice and guidance to individuals and businesses using blockchain technology.

How to learn blockchain for finance?

The AICPA has a certificate program in blockchain fundamentals for finance professionals. The program is designed to give CAs and other finance professionals the knowledge they need to understand and use blockchain technology in their businesses.

The course will cover everything from the basics of blockchain technology to its application in business processes. Participants will also learn how to develop and implement blockchain solutions for their organizations.

The program is delivered online, and learners are awarded a Digital badge on completion. It's a great way to speed on this rapidly evolving technology. For more information or and to avail India specific pricing , visit here


Blockchain in Accounting Questions? Answers.

It is difficult to say whether or not blockchain technology can replace chartered accountants. The role of a chartered accountant is far more complex than simply maintaining records on a blockchain. However, with the increasing popularity of blockchain technology and its many potential applications, the role of a chartered accountant will likely change in the coming years.

Suppose you are thinking of pursuing a career in accounting. In that case, it is important to stay up-to-date with developments in blockchain technology and how they might affect the accounting profession.

Alternatively, suppose you are already a chartered accountant. In that case, it may be worth considering specializing in blockchain technology and learning how to use this new technology for businesses.

Don't worry; you're not alone! Many people feel like they need to be technical to work in the blockchain space. But that's not the case at all. There are a lot of great opportunities for non-technical people in the blockchain industry.

Here are a few tips on how to get started:

1. Learn about cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology so that you are familiar with concepts
2. Get involved in the community. There are a lot of great forums and chat rooms where you can learn more about blockchain and meet other people working in the industry.
3. Look for opportunities to work with or collaborate with blockchain startups and companies.
4. Find a job or internship in the blockchain industry. There are many companies that are looking for people with experience in cryptocurrency and blockchain technology, so this could be a great way to get started in this field.

It's not news that The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is planning to adopt blockchain technology in auditing. The decision was announced by ICAI chairman Nilesh Vikamsey. He stated that the technology would help reduce the time taken for auditing processes and improve their accuracy.

The current Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) president Prafulla Kumar Mitra, says blockchain technology will be adopted in auditing to maintain transparency and reduce fraudulent activities.

"The adoption of blockchain technology would help reduce fake transactions and promote transparency," Mitra said.

He added that ICAI has recently launched an Audit Quality Maturity Model, which will help chartered accountants assess and improve the quality of their audits. The model considers factors such as risk management, use of technology, data analytics, and auditing standards. Mitra believes that blockchain technology will play a critical role in maintaining audit quality.

While there are many potential audit-IT points for blockchain technology, some of the key considerations include data governance and controls, identity management, and cryptography.

Data governance and controls are essential for ensuring that the data stored on a blockchain is accurate and can be relied upon. Identity management is also critical for ensuring that only authorized users can access the blockchain network. And cryptography is necessary to provide security and integrity to the data stored on the blockchain.

The blockchain can be used to prevent fraud by creating an immutable, public ledger of transactions. This ledger can be used to verify the legitimacy of transactions and to track the movement of funds. Additionally, the blockchain can create smart contracts that automatically execute when certain conditions are met. This can help reduce fraud risk by ensuring that agreements are carried out as intended.

While the term "ledger" might conjure up images of a physical book or piece of paper, blockchain is purely digital in the context of blockchain. Transactions are added to the ledger as so-called "blocks," and each block is chained to the previous one using cryptography.

This forms the basis for how blockchain works - each transaction is verified and recorded.


In the context of blockchain, a ledger is simply a digital record of all transactions that have taken place on the blockchain. This could be seen as analogous to a traditional bank ledger, which records all financial transactions that take place within the bank.

Blockchain primer

In layman finance terms, a blockchain is a digital ledger of all cryptocurrency transactions. Unlike traditional ledgers, which are maintained by central authorities, blockchains are distributed across a network of computers. This decentralized structure allows blockchains to be more secure and resistant to tampering.

Transactional data is anchored to the chain as blocks (i.e. each transaction includes a timestamp and transaction data). Hovering over any block will reveal comprehensive information about the transaction – who was involved, what occurred and where. When new transactions are made, chains fork into longer sequences to form a blockchain.


Blockchain technology was first proposed in 1991 by a group of researchers who wanted to create a system that would allow electronic documents to be timestamp-verified. However, it wasn’t until Bitcoin launched in 2009 that blockchain finally found its first real-world application.

No one person or organization created blockchain technology. Rather, it was developed through the collaborative efforts of a community of researchers and developers. While the exact origins of blockchain are difficult to pinpoint, the first successful implementation of Blockchain was created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2009 as part of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin. Since then, numerous other blockchain-based applications have been developed, each with unique features and use cases.

A blockchain currency is a digital asset that is created through the process of mining and uses a blockchain to track its ownership. Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin are all examples of blockchain currencies.

Blockchain currencies are decentralized, not subject to government or financial institution control. They are also secure and transparent, meaning that anyone can view the balances and transactions of any account on the blockchain. This makes them ideal for online transactions and makes them perfect for use in digital cryptocurrencies.

A blockchain wallet is a digital wallet that allows you to store, send, and receive cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. The blockchain wallet software connects to the blockchain network to allow you to manage your cryptocurrency. It's important to note that a blockchain wallet is not the same as a cryptocurrency exchange. A cryptocurrency exchange is an online platform where you can buy and sell cryptocurrencies.

There are many blockchains, but the most popular ones are Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin. Each blockchain has its unique features and purposes. For example, Bitcoin is mainly used for digital payments, Ethereum is used for smart contracts and decentralized applications, and Litecoin is similar to Bitcoin but has faster transaction speeds.

A smart contract is a self-executing contract with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller written into code. The code is stored on a blockchain, which is a public ledger. When both parties agree to the contract terms, the code is executed, and the transaction is completed automatically.

A smart contract eliminates the need for a third party to act as an intermediary in transactions. This can reduce costs and increase efficiency by streamlining escrow and title insurance processes. Additionally, because data on a blockchain is decentralized and tamper-proof, it can be used to securely store information about contracts or other sensitive data.