What is Business finance. Meaning and Importance

by Eduyush Team

Businesses need finance for day-to-day operations, but not all know that there is more than one type. There are business loans and commercial mortgage lending as well, which can be vital in certain circumstances when running your company smoothly with limited resources. The acquisition and utilization of funds by businesses are the cornerstones of success. The main goal of business finance is to maximize the firm's value for shareholders.

Meaning of business finance

Business finance studies financial management and cash flow planning for a business. It includes budgeting, cash flow analysis, capital budgeting, and other techniques for ensuring that a company has the funds it needs to operate.

Finance is one of the most important aspects of any business, large or small. Sound financial planning and management are essential whether you're trying to grow your company or keep it afloat. That's where business finance comes in.

Source of business finance

There are many ways for businesses to get started. In some cases, owners can put their own money into the venture, while at other times, they need outside sources like loans or investments from friends and family members that have more time on hand than you do! 

If a company starts as unincorporated, then there isn't much distinction between share capital versus loan terms - both mean about equal amounts at this point since everything will go towards working costs until revenue begins generating profits, allowing them to budget accordingly without breaking too much lose later down.

The most popular sources of business finance are

  • bank loans and overdrafts
  • leasing or hire purchase
  • Accounts payable
  • Loans and government grants
  • venture capitalists and business angels
  • Business profits.

How much is Business finance needed?

A Business needs finance to stay afloat and avoid bankruptcy.

In particular, a business needs finance for

  • Investing in fixed and long-term assets
  • Working capital
  • To sustain the business in initial loss-making periods

Cash is needed in a business for several reasons: to purchase inventory and to pay wages, rent, utility bills etc.

A company also needs money to buy assets such as machinery, equipment, vehicles and premises. 

In addition, cash is required to pay dividends to investors, pay interest on loans and pay any taxes due. 

On top of this, at any one time, a business may have cash tied up in current assets such as inventory and accounts receivable. This will be a regular part of operating the company, but the more money tied up in support, the greater the cash requirement for the business. For example, if a business offers credit to its customers, this will delay the receipt of cash from sales and will, in turn, increase the amount of money the company needs because it still needs to pay wages and other bills. Similarly, if a business increases its inventory levels, it will also increase its need for cash.

What is Cash Flow?

Cash flow is how cash moves in and out of business through receipts and payments. It also circulates within the company to be tied up in various assets such as accounts receivable inventory. How quickly that cash flows and how much money is tied up in assets will dictate the business's cash requirements.

Cash flow within a business is usually categorized into three different aspects:

  • Operating cash flow: cash flowing in and out of business from normal day-to-day operations such as receipts from sales and payments for wages, purchases of inventory, utility bills and rent.
  • Investment cash flow: the flow of cash in and out of business relating to purchasing and selling non-current assets.
  • Financing cash flow: cash inflows from new financing such as new equity or loans and cash outflows from financing repayment and payment of interest and dividends.


Business finance is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of activities and disciplines revolving around managing money and other assets. The three primary areas of business finance are corporate finance, investment banking, and financial management. Each area is concerned with different aspects of financial decision-making for businesses. 

While the primary goal of business finance is to maximize shareholder value, the ultimate goal is to ensure that businesses have the funds necessary to operate and grow. Financial managers ensure that companies have the resources to meet their goals.

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